Ranking of Universities in the European Union, 2021

*The flag of the European Union.
RankInstitutionChange from 2020ARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
URParis Sciences et Lettres (PSL) University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท NA384440NR~ 40.67
URKarolinska Institute ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ชNA42NR394843
๐Ÿฅ‡Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU) of Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช4864324647.5
๐ŸฅˆTechnical University of Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช5250387453.5
๐Ÿฅ‰Heidelberg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช5763425454
4Sorbonne University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท+13572884660.25
5University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ-13079963760.5
6Katholieke Universiteit (KU) Leuven ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช+18770424861.75
7University of Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ-110155653864.75
8Paris-Saclay University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ทNA13861176069
9Utrecht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ-150110694869.25
URCharitรฉ – Universitรคtsmedizin Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ชNANRNR73NR73
10Leiden University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ83112718287
11Wageningen University & Research ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ+2101123538089.25
12University of Groningen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ-164128808890
URHumboldt University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ชNANR1287478~ 93.33
13University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ-4821041019495.25
14Ghent University ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช-2711419692100
URFree University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ชNANR1278395~ 101.67
15Erasmus University Rotterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ1011797262103.5
16Aarhus University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ71155104103108.25
17Uppsala University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช-378124131113111.5
18Lund University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช-11518711695112.25
19Delft University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ-11515775174114.25
20Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ10120911584127.25
Figure 1. Ranking of universities in the European Union for the year 2021.

This is a ranking of the top 20 universities in the European Union ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2021.

Overview and methodology

The ranking was created by averaging ranking placements from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2021): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every EU university ranked on each of the lists. Then, for each university, all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, as shown above. The leftmost column shows the final rank (which is relative placement based on average rank, i.e.). The next, institution, column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located. The next, change from 2020, column shows the distance moved for each institution compared to the 2020 ranking. The next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (โ€œAverage World Rankโ€) averages the four ranking listsโ€™ rank placement for each university. 

Only universities which were ranked on all four lists are counted. Universities which would have appeared had they been ranked by all the rankings are displayed in the ranking where they would have ranked if their average rank was the result of an average across all four rankings. Thus, for example, Humboldt University of Berlin is shown between the 14th and 15th ranked universities, as it would have ranked 15th if it appeared on all four rankings (and maintained its average from the ranking it did appear on). Rather than receiving a ranking placement, universities appearing in these positions are marked “UR” (unrankable) in the rank column, and “NR” (not ranked) in rankings lists in which they were not ranked.

Observations

  • German universities take the top three spots (again).
  • Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL) University would have placed 1st. It had roughly the 41st ranking placement in the world; yet it is still unranked by USNWR, and thus does not qualify. See more about this here.
  • Meanwhile, Karolinska Institute would have placed 2nd, with a 43 average (unranked by QS).
  • The Netherlands has the most universities appearing in the top 20, with 8. The Nordic countries, together, have 5. Belgium and France each have two. No other countries make the top 20.
  • Wageningen University & Research advanced the most places compared to any university which made the list in 2020 and 2021, moving up to 11th from 13th.
  • Paris-Saclay University debuts for the first time in the top 20, at 8. This marks the largest advancement of any university on the list.
  • University of Helsinki has moved downward the most places compared to last year, moving out of the top 10, to 13th.
  • Overall, European Union universities have advanced in world university rankings in 2021. Whereas last year ranked EU universities average sum came out to 1768.25 (2020), this year the sum is 1679 (2021) — a roughly 90 place difference upward. One major contributor to this upward movement is the appearance of Paris-Saclay University at #8. Last year, it was not even near the top 20.
  • The top 14 EU universities all average within the top 100 worldwide.
  • Just one EU university — LMU Munich — averages within the top 50 worldwide.
  • THE best predicts the summed average.
  • QS worst predicts the summed average.

In my opinion, global university rankings are not a measure of how “good” a university is. They are, centrally, a measure of university reputation among people in administrative positions in academics. How good a university is for you depends on what your goals are. It is almost entirely contextual. Thus, the rankings I do — which are based on average placements in world university rankings — ought to be seen not as a measure of how good a university is, but as a measure of the average opinion of an academic administrator you’ll get if you ask them to talk about a given university from a global perspective. In this spirit, I offer you a deflationary university ranking.

*The header image used in the article is, to the best of my knowledge, in the public domain. If this is in error, please let me know and I will remove it immediately. To report errors, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/10/28/ranking-of-universities-in-the-european-union-2021/

Ranking of Universities in the EU, 2020

*This ranking is for the year 2020. See the newest, 2021, ranking here: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/10/30/ranking-of-universities-in-the-european-union-2021/

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1LMU Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5163324648
2Heidelberg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5764425454.25
3Technical University of Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5450417655.25
4University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 3376843456.75
5Sorbonne University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท 3983874363
6University of Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 10161664067
7Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช 9784454868.5
8Utrecht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 52121755475.5
9University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 74104988690.5
10Leiden University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 80128708691
11University of Groningen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 69128809292.25
12Ghent University ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช 661351038597.25
13Wageningen University & Research ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 1511156283102.75
14Uppsala University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 77124111101103.25
15Erasmus University Rotterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ801977268104.25
16Aarhus University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ69147106105106.75
17Lund University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 1519710399112.5
18Delft University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ1515778172114.5
19University of Freiburg ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 10117583168131.75
20Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ10123611680133.25

This is a ranking of the top 20 universities in the European Union ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. 

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every EU university ranked on each of the lists. Then, for each university, all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, as shown above. The leftmost column shows the final rank (which is relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the โ€œinstitutionโ€ column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (โ€œAverage World Rankโ€) averages the four ranking listsโ€™ rank placement for each university. 

There were 4 institutions which were ranked on three of the four lists which averaged higher (by those three lists) than at least one university which was ranked having been averaged by all four lists. In some cases, had these averages remained given all four lists, the list would look significantly different. Further details:

  • Karolinska Institute ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (43 average; unranked by QS) would have placed 1st.
  • Paris Sciences et Lettres University (PSL) ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (~45 average; unranked USNWR) would have placed 2nd (counting Karolinska). (UPDATE: see * below for further evaluation.)
  • Humboldt University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (93 average; unranked by ARWU โ€” find further discussion about why that is here) would have placed 14 (counting Karolinska and PSL).
  • Free University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (~120 average; unranked by ARWU โ€” find further discussion about why that is via the same link as for Humboldt) would not have placed in the top 20 counting the three institutions above, however, its average is higher than those universities currently placing 19th and 20th (Freiburg and VU Amsterdam, respectively).

Additionally, one institution โ€” Charitรฉ – Universitรคtsmedizin Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช โ€” was ranked such that it would have appeared in the top 20 (given the above additions: 10th), however, this was only based on its placement of 75 on a single ranking (THE).

Finally, some observations about the final ranking โ€”

  • Netherlands has the most intuitions in the top 20 in the EU, with 8.
  • Germany has the second most, with 4, and the Nordic countries together have 5.
  • Belgium and France are the only two countries with at least one university which makes the list outside of the aforementioned regions.
  • The top 12 universities in the EU all average within the top 100 in the world.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

* Since creating this list I’ve written an article looking at how USNWR ranks PSL constituents. Ultimately, based on the average of those constituents, PSL’s ranking would place outside the 20 appearing on this list. There are many caveats to this outcome, however. The full article can be found here.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/04/08/ranking-of-universities-in-the-eu-2020-21/

List of Top 100 Universities by Highest Rank, 2020-21

This is a list of the highest ranking achieved for every university ranked in the top 100 in the world on any of the four prominent world university rankings (ARWU, QS, THE, and USNWR, i.e.). Thus, so long as a university appears on any one of the four rankings, then it appears on this list โ€” and it appears at whichever spot it ranked highest on any one or more of those lists. You can think of this list in the following way: for each given university, its position on this list represents the highest opinion someone holds of it.

Notes โ€”

  • In total, 154 universities representing 27 countries are ranked within the top 100 in the world between all four lists.
  • There are 16 top 10 universities, representing 3 countries which are (in order): the US (with 11 โ€” 3 of which are Californian; 2 of which are Massachusettsan), the UK (with 4 โ€” all of which are English), and Switzerland (with 1).
  • There are 30 top 20 universities, representing 7 countries which are (in order): the US (with 18 โ€” 6 of which are Californian), the UK (with 5 โ€” 4 of which are English; 1 of which is Scottish), Singapore and Switzerland (each with 2), and Canada, China, and France (each with 1).
  • There are 78 top 50 universities, representing 17 countries which are (in order): the US (with 34 – 7 of which are Californian), the UK (with 8 โ€” 7 of which are English; 1 of which is Scottish), Australia (with 6), China and Hong Kong (each with 4), Canada and Germany (each with 3), France, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and Switzerland (each with 2), and Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, and Sweden (each with 1).
  • The United States is the 1st most represented country, with 51 universities represented (~33%).
  • The United Kingdom is the 2nd most represented country, with 18 universities (15 of which are English; 3 of which are Scottish) represented (~12%).
  • The Netherlands is the 3rd most represented country, with 9 universities represented (~6%).
  • The countries placing 4th – 8th in representation are (in order): Australia (with 8), Germany (with 7), China and Japan (each with 6), Canada, Hong Kong, and Sweden (each with 5).
  • There are 32 listed universities outside the western world (~21%).
  • Universities represent 5 continents.

And finally, some thoughts. It is interesting to note that 15 out of 18 ranked UK universities are highest ranked by QS โ€” a UK-based ranking. This means, if nothing stronger, that QS has the highest opinion of British universities of any of the four prominent rankings. True โ€” someone could object and say that whichever ranking truly has the highest opinion of British universities lists the greatest number of British universities, or has the highest average ranking of British universities, etc. But I think what captures the spirit of these lists is highest rank, and when you talk about highest rank, and look up a university to check its rank, the fact is, when its a UK university, QS will tell you that university is ranked more highly than any other ranking would tell you in ranks a large majority of the time. I might also endorse this stronger claim: QS has a bias for British universities. But this would require a more in-depth look at how it ranks universities in other countries, and also how other rankings rank British universities compared to other countries, etc., and I haven’t looked into it that deeply or in a sufficiently comparative way to fully endorse that claim. But nonetheless, this result is certainly suggestive, and looking for other indicators even superficially shows that a good number of the British universities ranked within the top 100 by QS don’t appear at all in other top 100s. This is definitely something that someone can and should look at further (and perhaps they have).

Along the same lines, 23 out of 27 East and Southeast Asian universities are highest ranked by QS (along with one additional such university ranked equally by THE). Thus, we can again conclude (as above) that QS has the highest opinion of universities in those regions. It’s still not strong enough for bias โ€” but as with the above observation, this is suggestive and someone might be inclined to take a look.

Meanwhile, out of 47 U.S. universities which are highest ranked by only one ranking (i.e., for which there is no shared opinion about its highest placement), only 5 are highest ranked by QS. Meanwhile, ARWU accounts for 18 such rankings, USNWR 15, and THE 9. Thus, we can safely conclude that QS has the lowest opinion of U.S. universities of the four rankings. THE โ€” at 9 โ€” is closer to QS than to USNWR, but just barely. It’s clear that the UK rankings (QS and THE) have a lower opinion of U.S. universities than the Chinese (ARWU) and U.S. (USNWR) rankings.

To sum up:

  • QS has the highest opinion of British and East and Southeast Asian universities, and the lowest opinion of U.S. universities.
  • USNWR has the highest opinion of Australian universities.
  • And the strongest conclusion: British rankings (QS, THE) have a lower opinion of U.S. universities than Chinese and U.S. rankings (ARWU, USNWR) do.

Below you can view the list. If you should find something here is in error, please contact me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

RankInstitution
1Harvard University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU, USNWR)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
University of Oxford ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (THE)
2Stanford University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU, QS, THE)
3University of Cambridge ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (ARWU)
4California Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
University of California, Berkeley ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
5
6Columbia University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
ETH Zรผrich ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ(QS)
Princeton University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
7
8Imperial College London ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
University of Washington ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
Yale University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
9University of Chicago ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
10Johns Hopkins University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University College London ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
11National University of Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ (QS)
12Cornell University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
13Nanyang Technological University, Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ (QS)
University of California, Los Angeles ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU, USNWR)
University of Pennsylvania ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
14Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ(QS)
University of Paris-Saclay ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
15Tsinghua University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
University of California, San Fransisco ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
16
17University of Michigan, Ann-Arbor ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Toronto ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (USNWR)
18University of California, San Diego ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
19
20Duke University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
University of Edinburgh ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ (QS)
21
22University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
23Peking University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS, THE)
Washington University in St. Louis ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
24Northwestern University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE, USNWR)
University of Tokyo ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
25University of Melbourne ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
26New York University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
27Hong Kong University of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
London School of Economics ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (THE)
University of Manchester ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
University of Sydney ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
28Carnegie Mellon University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
29
30University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
31Australian National University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (QS)
King’s College London ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
McGill University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (QS)
University of British Columbia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (USNWR)
32LMU Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
University of Wisconsin-Madison ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
33University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (ARWU)
34Fudan University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
Kyoto University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (ARWU)
35
36Karolinska Institute ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Paris Sciences et Lettres University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
University of Queensland ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
37Seoul National University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
38Georgia Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
University of Texas at Austin ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
39Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
Sorbonne University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
40University of Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (USNWR)
University of Minnesota ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
41Technical University of Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
42Heidelberg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
King Abdulaziz University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (USNWR)
43Chinese University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
Rockefeller University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of Pittsburgh ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
44University of Colorado at Boulder ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of New South Wales ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (QS)
45Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven) ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Ohio State University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
46
47Shanghai Jiao Tong University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
48City University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
Monash University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
49University of California, Santa Barbara ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
50
51
52Utrecht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (ARWU)
53University of Maryland, College Park ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of Southern California ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
Zhejiang University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
54Boston University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
55
56Tokyo Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
University of Zรผrich ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ (ARWU)
57Delft University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (QS)
58University of Bristol ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
59University of Geneva ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ (ARWU)
University of Malaya ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ (QS)
60Brown University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
University of Oslo ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด (ARWU)
61ร‰cole Polytechnique ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
62Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Warwick ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
Vanderbilt University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
Wageningen University and Research ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (THE)
63
64University of California, Davis ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
65University of Paris ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
66Ghent University ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
National Taiwan University ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ (QS)
University of Buenos Aires ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
67University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
68Erasmus University Rotterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (USNWR)
69Aarhus University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (ARWU)
Korea University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
McMaster University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (THE)
Stockholm University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
University of California, Irvine ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of Groningen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (ARWU)
70Leiden University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (THE)
71Emory University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
72Osaka University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
73University of Adelaide ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
University of Montreal ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (THE)
University of Science and Technology of China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (ARWU)
74Lomonosov Moscow State University ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ (QS)
University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ (ARWU)
75Charitรฉ – Universitรคtsmedizin Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Hong Kong Polytechnic University ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
Pennsylvania State University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
76
77Pohang University of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
University of Glasgow ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ (QS)
Uppsala University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
78University of Tรผbingen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (THE)
79Purdue University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
Tohoku University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
University of Western Australia ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
80Humboldt University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (USNWR)
81University of Auckland ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ (QS)
University of California, Santa Cruz ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
82
83Nagoya University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (ARWU)
University of Freiburg ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
84
85Yonsei University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
86Durham University ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
87University of Birmingham ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
University of Bonn ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
88University of Basel ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ (ARWU)
University of Florida ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
Sungkyunkwan University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
89Rice University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
90University of Barcelona ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Southampton ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
91University of Leeds ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
92
93University of Sheffield ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
Weizmann Institute of Science ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (ARWU)
94
95
96University of St. Andrews ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ (QS)
97Lund University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (QS)
University of Arizona ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
98KTH Royal Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (QS)
99Universitรฉ Grenoble Alpes ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
University of Nottingham ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
100Michigan State University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
Universidad Nacional Autรณnoma de Mรฉxico ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ (QS)
Table 1.

Permalink: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/24/list-of-top-100-universities-by-highest-rank-2020-21/

Ranking of Nordic Universities, 2020

*This ranking is for the year 2020. See the newest, 2021, ranking here: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/10/26/ranking-of-nordic-universities-2021/

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 3376843456.75
2University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 74104988690.5
3University of Oslo ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด 601131279097.5
4Uppsala University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 77124111101103.25
5Aarhus University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 69147106105106.75
6Lund University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 1519710399112.5
7Stockholm University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 69181183114136.75
8Technical University of Denmark ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 151103187155149
9University of Gothenburg ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 101202191135157.25
10KTH Royal Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 20198201205176.25
11University of Bergen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด 301194201166215.5
12Chalmers University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 301139201342245.75
13Aalto University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 401127201264248.25
14Aalborg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 301305201250264.25
15Norwegian University of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด 101360401281285.75
16University of Southern Denmark ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 301353251301301.5
17University of Turku ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 301287351322315.25
18Umeรฅ University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 401333351322351.75
19Linkรถping University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 301362401358355.5
20Tampere University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 501409301361393

This is a ranking of the top universities in the Nordic countries ranked relative to each other for the year 2020.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Times Higher Education (THE), U.S. News & World Report (USNWR), and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). 

Rank was determined on each list for every Nordic university ranked on each list. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below. The leftmost column shows rank based on average, the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, THE, USNWR, QS) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

Only universities which were ranked on all four lists are counted. Notably, Karolinska Institute is unranked by QS, otherwise it would have placed 1st. Other universities which would have appeared (had they been ranked by all the rankings) are: Reykjavรญk University (Iceland) and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Sweden).

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2020/11/03/2020-ranking-of-nordic-universities-by-average-world-rank/