Ranking of Universities in California, 2020-21

This is a ranking of the top 20 California universities ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. In this ranking “California universities” is defined as being constituted by any university within the U.S. state of California.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every California university ranked on any of the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university. 

Some observations —

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is USNWR.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is ARWU.
  • Both ARWU and USNWR predict the top 10, but in the wrong order.
  • The top 9 California universities are all within the top 100 universities in the world; the top 5 are all within the top 20 universities in the world.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Ranking of Universities in California, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1Stanford22232.25
2Caltech84475.75
3Berkeley5307411.5
4UCSF21(NR)(NR)1518
5UCLA1336151319.25
6UC San Diego1854332131.5
7USC61121537076.25
8UC Santa Barbara49152685681.25
9UC Davis91112646683.25
10UC Irvine692109878113.75
11UC Santa Cruz15141620181212.25
12UC Riverside201449251158264.75
13UC Merced401(NR)301693465
14Fresno State(NR)(NR)(NR)494494
15San Diego State401801601614604.25
16University of San Diego(NR)801(NR)(NR)801
17Cal State Fullerton(NR)(NR)(NR)868868
18Cal Poly(NR)(NR)(NR)925925
19Cal State Long Beach(NR)(NR)1001(NR)1001
20SF State(NR)(NR)(NR)10891089
Table 1.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/13/ranking-of-california-universities-2020-21/

*The header image used in this article (depicting the California flag) is under the Creative Commons license.

Ranking of Universities in the German-speaking World, 2020-21

Published Feb. 13, 2021 by S. N. McGannon

This is a ranking of the top 20 universities in the German-speaking world ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. In this ranking the “German-speaking world” is defined as being constituted by the following countries: Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, and Switzerland. Also, this ranking is for universities in the German-speaking world. Thus, even a university whose primary instruction language is not German (ala University of Geneva) is ranked so long as it is physically located within the German-speaking world.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every university in the German-speaking world ranked on all the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university. 

Please note: Due to historical disputes regarding Nobel prize attribution between Free University of Berlin and Humboldt University of Berlin, neither university appears on ARWU’s ranking. However, both universities rank within the top 130 universities in the world (and even as high as 80) on all the other rankings. Thus, I personally feel this ranking would not adequately represent the top universities in the German-speaking world without these two universities. However, as I could not average their placement between the four rankings, and whereas all other universities appearing on the list could be averaged by placement across all four rankings (as I’ve sometimes waved the requirement that a university rank on all four lists if universities are lacking for that particular list), I have chosen to list Humboldt University of Berlin and Free University of Berlin with their average across the three rankings on which they appear — QS, THE, and USNWR — as unranked in my relative metaranking, but, as ranked in the “Average World Rank” column and thereby placed among the other universities accordingly within my relative ranking (i.e. where they would appear were their average world rank sufficient to rank them). So, Humboldt University of Berlin appears after 6th-place University of Zurich and before 7th-place University of Geneva for the reason that its average world rank (based on those three rankings in which it is ranked) lies between the two. The same procedure has been applied for Free University of Berlin. In this regard, ‘(NR)‘ appears on the list and means “not ranked”.

Some observations —

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is ARWU.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is THE.
  • The worst prediction is QS’s University of Bonn 240 — 101.25 places greater than its 138.75 average.
  • No list predicts the top 10.
  • The only university to make the list not located in Germany or Switzerland is University of Vienna (Austria).

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Ranking of Universities in the German-speaking World, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1ETH Zurich (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich) 🇨🇭206142616.5
2LMU Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) 🇩🇪5163324648
3Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne)🇨🇭8314435849.5
4Heidelberg University (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) 🇩🇪5764425454.25
5Technical University of Munich (Technische Universität München) 🇩🇪5450417655.25
6University of Zurich (Universität Zürich) 🇨🇭5669736265
(NR)Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) 🇩🇪(NR)117808293
7University of Geneva (Université de Genève)🇨🇭5910614996102.5
8University of Bern (Universität Bern)🇨🇭101114109107107.75
9University of Basel (Universität Basel)🇨🇭8814992131115
(NR)Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin) 🇩🇪(NR)130118111~120
10University of Freiburg (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg) 🇩🇪10117583168131.75
11University of Bonn (Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn) 🇩🇪87240114114138.75
12=University of Tübingen (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen) 🇩🇪15117578180146
12=University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) 🇩🇪101195130158146
14RWTH Aachen University (Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen) 🇩🇪201145107184159.25
15University of Lausanne (Université de Lausanne)🇨🇭101169191189162.5
16University of Vienna (Universität Wien) 🇦🇹151150164195165
17Dresden University of Technology (Technische Universität Dresden) 🇩🇪201173152186178
18University of Hamburg (Universität Hamburg) 🇩🇪201228135155179.75
19Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie) 🇩🇪201131201197182.5
20University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) 🇩🇪151282145232202.5
Table 1.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/12/ranking-of-universities-in-the-german-speaking-world-2020-21/(opens in a new tab)

Ranking of Public Universities in the United States, 2020-21

This is a ranking of the top 20 public universities in the United States ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. 

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every public university in the United States ranked on all the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

Some observations —

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is THE.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is QS.
  • The worst prediction is QS’s UC Irvine at 210 — 96.25 places greater than its 113.75 average.
  • 30% of the top 20 public universities in the United States are California universities.
  • The two states which have the highest percentage of top 20 public universities in the United States (at 2 universities each; i.e., 10% each) after California are Michigan (Michigan, Michigan State) and Pennsylvania (Penn State, Pittsburgh).
  • All but 3 universities of the top 20 public universities in the United States average in the top 100 universities — public or private — in the world.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Ranking of Public Universities in the United States, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1Berkeley 5307411.5
2UCLA 1336151319.25
3Michigan 2221221720.5
4University of Washington 167229831.25
5UC San Diego 1854332131.5
6Wisconsin – Madison 3265494146.75
7Texas at Austin 4171443848.5
8North Carolina at Chapel Hill 3095563654.25
9Illinois at Urbana-Champaign4582486058.75
10Georgia Tech10180386671.25
11UC Santa Barbara 49152685681.25
12UC Davis 91112646683.25
13Ohio State 101108804583.5
14Minnesota40177854787.25
15Maryland, College Park53152906088.75
16Penn State 1011011147597.75
17Purdue791099411499
18Pittsburgh 9615613343107
19UC Irvine 692109878113.75
20Michigan State 101157105100115.75
Table 1.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/12/ranking-of-public-universities-in-the-united-states-2020-21/

*The cover image used in this article (depicting UC Berkeley) is under the Creative Commons license. All efforts were made to give appropriate credit. If someone determines authorship, this information will be updated accordingly. The image was cropped slightly for this header. Link to license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Ranking of Universities in the United States, 2020-21

This is a ranking of the top 20 universities in the United States ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every university in the United States ranked on all the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Figure 1). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university. A “=” next to a rank indicates a tied position.

Some observations —

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is THE.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is QS.
  • The worst prediction is QS’s University of Washington at 72 — approximately 41 places away from its average of 31.25.
  • The most agreed upon rank is Stanford, with ARWU, QS, and THE all ranking it 2nd.
  • 20% of the top 20 universities in the U.S. are California universities (Stanford, Caltech, Berkeley, UCLA, and UC San Diego).

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Ranking of Universities in the United States, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1Harvard13312
2Stanford22232.25
3MIT41523
4Caltech84475.75
5Princeton6129119.5
6Chicago109101511
7Berkeley5307411.5
8Yale111781111.75
9Columbia71917612.25
10=UPenn1916131415.5
10=Johns Hopkins1525121015.5
12Cornell1218192217.75
13UCLA1336151319.25
14Michigan2221221720.5
15Northwestern3029242426.75
16Duke2742202328
17NYU2735262929.25
18University of Washington167229831.25
19UC San Diego1854332131.5
20UW-Madison3265494146.75
Figure 1.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/11/ranking-of-universities-in-the-united-states-2020-21/

*The US flag image used in this article is under the Creative Commons license.

Ranking of Universities in the non-English Speaking World, 2020-21

This is a ranking of the top 25 universities in the non-English speaking world ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020. In this ranking the “non-English speaking world” is defined as all countries excluding the U.S., the U.K., Ireland, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every university in the non-English speaking world ranked on all the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Figure 1). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

Some observations —

  • No list predicts the top 10.
  • Every list predicts ETH Zurich as 1st.
  • Germany is the most represented country in the top 10, with 3 universities.
  • China is the most represented country overall, with 5 universities.
  • No university outside Europe, China, Singapore, Japan, Hong Kong or South Korea makes the list.

Finally, I want to note that Karolinska Institute (Sweden) averages 43 — good for 6th — between ARWU, THE, and USNWR. However, it is unranked by QS, and is thus left off the ranking. Additionally, Paris Sciences et Lettres University (France) averages ~44 — good for 6th (or 7th if Karolinska Institute is included) — between ARWU, QS, and THE. However, it is unranked by USNWR (though some of its subdivisions are, strangely, individually ranked), and is thus also left off the ranking.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Ranking of Universities in the non-English Speaking World, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1ETH Zurich (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich)🇨🇭206142616.5
2Tsinghua University (清华大学) 🇨🇳 2915202823
3Peking University (北京大学) 🇨🇳4923235136.5
4National University of Singapore 🇸🇬 8011253237
5University of Tokyo (東京大学) 🇯🇵 2624367339.75
6Nanyang Technological University 🇸🇬 9113473847.25
7LMU Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) 🇩🇪5163324648
8Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne)🇨🇭8314435849.5
9Heidelberg University (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg) 🇩🇪5764425454.25
10Technical University of Munich (Technische Universität München) 🇩🇪5450417655.25
11University of Copenhagen (Københavns Universitet) 🇩🇰 3376843456.75
12Kyoto University (京都大学) 🇯🇵34385412562.75
13Sorbonne University (Sorbonne Université) 🇫🇷3983874363
14University of Zurich (Universität Zürich)🇨🇭5669736265
15University of Amsterdam (Universiteit van Amsterdam) 🇳🇱10161664067
16Catholic University of Leuven (Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven) 🇧🇪9784454868.5
17University of Hong Kong (香港大學) 🇭🇰15122398373.75
17Chinese University of Hong Kong (香港中文大學) 🇭🇰10143569573.75
19Utrecht University (Universiteit Utrecht) 🇳🇱52121755475.5
20Seoul National University (서울대학교) 🇰🇷101376012981.75
21Shanghai Jiao Tong University (上海交通大学) 🇨🇳634710012283
22Zhejiang University (浙江大学) 🇨🇳58539413585
23University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto) 🇫🇮74104988690.5
24Leiden University (Universiteit Leiden) 🇳🇱80128708691
24Fudan University (复旦大学) 🇨🇳100347016091
Figure 1.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/09/ranking-of-universities-in-the-non-english-speaking-world-2020-21/

2020 Ranking of Baltic Universities by Average World Rank

by S N McGannon

This is a ranking of the top universities in the Baltic states ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Times Higher Education (THE), U.S. News & World Report (USNWR), and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). 

Rank was checked on each list for every Baltic university ranked on any of the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Figure 1). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

Some observations —

  • Only QS predicts the top 10 (though, in the wrong order).
  • For every university in the top 10 ranked by USNWR, USNWR predicts the correct ranking order relative to those universities.
  • All four rankings predict University of Tartu as 1st.
  • ARWU is the worst indicator of Baltic university ranking overall, as it only ranks two Baltic universities at all. However, for those universities it ranks, it does predict the correct relative ranking order.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Figure 1.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/01/31/2020-ranking-of-baltic-universities-by-average-world-rank/(opens in a new tab)

2020 Ranking of Australian Universities by Average World Rank

by S N McGannon

This is a ranking of the top universities in Australia ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Times Higher Education (THE), U.S. News & World Report (USNWR), and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). 

Rank was determined on each list for every Australian university ranked on each list. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Figure 1). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

A couple of observations —

  • ARWU and USNWR predict the top 10, but neither do so in the correct order.
  • Only QS failed to predict University of Melbourne as 1st.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Figure 1.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/01/29/2020-ranking-of-australian-universities-by-average-world-rank/(opens in a new tab)

Ranking of Nordic Universities, 2020

*This ranking is for the year 2020. See the newest, 2021, ranking here: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/10/26/ranking-of-nordic-universities-2021/

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1University of Copenhagen 🇩🇰 3376843456.75
2University of Helsinki 🇫🇮 74104988690.5
3University of Oslo 🇳🇴 601131279097.5
4Uppsala University 🇸🇪 77124111101103.25
5Aarhus University 🇩🇰 69147106105106.75
6Lund University 🇸🇪 1519710399112.5
7Stockholm University 🇸🇪 69181183114136.75
8Technical University of Denmark 🇩🇰 151103187155149
9University of Gothenburg 🇸🇪 101202191135157.25
10KTH Royal Institute of Technology 🇸🇪 20198201205176.25
11University of Bergen 🇳🇴 301194201166215.5
12Chalmers University of Technology 🇸🇪 301139201342245.75
13Aalto University 🇫🇮 401127201264248.25
14Aalborg University 🇩🇰 301305201250264.25
15Norwegian University of Science and Technology 🇳🇴 101360401281285.75
16University of Southern Denmark 🇩🇰 301353251301301.5
17University of Turku 🇫🇮 301287351322315.25
18Umeå University 🇸🇪 401333351322351.75
19Linköping University 🇸🇪 301362401358355.5
20Tampere University 🇫🇮 501409301361393

This is a ranking of the top universities in the Nordic countries ranked relative to each other for the year 2020.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Times Higher Education (THE), U.S. News & World Report (USNWR), and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). 

Rank was determined on each list for every Nordic university ranked on each list. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below. The leftmost column shows rank based on average, the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, THE, USNWR, QS) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

Only universities which were ranked on all four lists are counted. Notably, Karolinska Institute is unranked by QS, otherwise it would have placed 1st. Other universities which would have appeared (had they been ranked by all the rankings) are: Reykjavík University (Iceland) and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Sweden).

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2020/11/03/2020-ranking-of-nordic-universities-by-average-world-rank/

Ranking of Finnish Universities, 2020

* This ranking is for the year 2020. See the newest, 2021, ranking here: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/10/27/ranking-of-finnish-universities-2021/

Helsingin tuomiokirkko. Kuva: Steven McGannon.
RankInstitutionAverage World Rank
1University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto)90.5
2Aalto University (Aalto-yliopisto)248.25
3University of Turku (Turun yliopisto)315.25
4Tampere University (Tampereen yliopisto)393
5University of Oulu (Oulun yliopisto)415.75
6University of Eastern Finland (Itä-Suomen yliopisto)453.25
7University of Jyväskylä (Jyväskylän yliopisto)490
8Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology (LUT-yliopisto)575.5
9Åbo Akademi University (Åbo Akademi)716
Table 1.

This is a ranking of the top universities in Finland ranked relative to each other for the year 2020-21.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Times Higher Education (THE), U.S. News & World Report (USNWR), and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). 

Rank was determined on each list for every Finnish university ranked on any list. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows rank based on average, the middle column shows the institution ranked, and the rightmost column shows overall average among world universities. If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2020/10/30/2020-ranking-of-finnish-universities-by-average-world-rank/

*The header image used in this article is owned by Steven McGannon. To request permissions, please contact: tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.