Ranking of Finnish Universities, 2021

Helsingin tuomiokirkko. Kuva: Steven McGannon.
RankInstitutionChange from 2020ARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
๐Ÿฅ‡University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto)821041019495.25
๐ŸฅˆAalto University (Aalto-yliopisto)301112201275222.25
๐Ÿฅ‰University of Turku (Turun yliopisto)301295351327318.5
4University of Oulu (Oulun yliopisto)+1401377251422362.75
5Tampere University (Tampereen yliopisto)-1501414251354380
URUniversity of Vaasa (Vaasan yliopisto)NANRNR401NR401
6Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology (LUT-yliopisto)+2NR414251635~433.33
7University of Jyvรคskylรค (Jyvรคskylรคn yliopisto)701358351556491.5
8University of Eastern Finland (Itรค-Suomen yliopisto)-2601521501441516
9ร…bo Akademi University (ร…bo Akademi)NRNR601947774
Figure 1. Ranking of Nordic Universities 2021-2022

This is a ranking of the top universities in Finland ranked relative to each other for the year 2021-22.

Overview and methodology

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2021): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was determined on each list for every Finnish university ranked on any list. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown above (Figure 1). The leftmost column shows rank based on average, the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the “Change from 2020” column shows the change in ranking placement from last year’s ranking, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

Only universities which were ranked on at least two lists are counted. Universities which would have appeared had they been ranked by all the rankings are displayed in the ranking where they would have ranked if their average rank was the result of an average across all four rankings. Thus, University of Vaasa is shown between the 5th and 6th ranked universities, as it would have ranked 6th if it appeared on at least two rankings (and maintained its average from the ranking it did appear on). Rather than receiving a ranking placement, universities appearing in these positions (in this case, only Vaasa) are marked “UR” (unrankable) in the rank column, and “NR” (not ranked) in rankings lists in which they were not ranked.

Observations

  • Overall, Finnish universities have advanced in world university rankings in 2021. Whereas last year ranked Finnish universities average sum came out to 3697.5 (2020), this year the sum is ~3593.58 (2021) — a roughly 104 place difference upward. In addition, University of Vaasa appears on one of this year’s ranking lists, whereas last year it was unranked across lists.
  • Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology was the biggest gainer, moving from 575.5 to approx. 433.33 — a gain of about 142 places.
  • Another indicator of the success of Finnish universities is seen in University of Oulu taking over the 4th spot from Tampere University. Tampere University’s seeming downward movement is actually merely because University of Oulu has improved more quickly: both universities have made significant advances in the rankings. University of Oulu moved upward from 415.75 to 362.75 (+53), and meanwhile, Tampere University moved upward from 393 to 380 (+13). Thus, Oulu moved ahead of Tampere in the Finnish rankings, but both universities moved upward in the world rankings.
  • Aalto University has continued to improved as well, moving from 248.25 to 222.25. It could well become a top-200 staple in a few years’ time.
  • In a negative point for Finnish universities, Finland’s traditionally strongest university — the University of Helsinki — continues to move downward in world university rankings. This continues a trend starting in 2015 or so. This year it moved downward from 90.5 to 95.25. It is unclear if it will maintain top-100 status for much longer.

In my opinion, global university rankings are not a measure of how “good” a university is. They are, centrally, a measure of university reputation among people in administrative positions in academics. How good a university is for you depends on what your goals are. It is almost entirely contextual. Thus, the rankings I do — which are based on average placements in world university rankings — ought to be seen not as a measure of how good a university is, but as a measure of the average opinion of an academic administrator you’ll get if you ask them to talk about a given university from a global perspective. In this spirit, I offer you a deflationary university ranking.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/10/26/ranking-of-finnish-universities-2021/

Ranking of Nordic Universities, 2021

Ranking of Nordic Universities 2021
RankInstitutionChange from 2020ARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
URKarolinska Institute ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ชNA42NR394843
๐Ÿฅ‡University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ3079963760.5
๐ŸฅˆUniversity of Oslo ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด+1611021199093
๐Ÿฅ‰University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ-1821041019495.25
4Aarhus University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ+171155104103108.25
5Uppsala University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช-178124131113111.5
6Lund University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช1518711695112.25
7Stockholm University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช74148176123130.25
8Technical University of Denmark ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ15199185161149
9University of Gothenburg ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช101180185134150
10KTH Royal Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช20189201212175.75
11University of Bergen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด301199201183221
12Aalto University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ+1301112201275222.25
13Aalborg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ+1301326201241267.25
14Chalmers University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช-2401121251339278
15University of Southern Denmark ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ+1301309251255279
URSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ชNA201NR301348~283.3
16Norwegian University of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด-1101369401266284.25
URReykjavรญk University ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธNANRNR301NR301
17Linkรถping University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช+2301329251350307.75
18University of Turku ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ-1301295351327318.5
19University of Oulu ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎNA401377251422362.75
20Umeรฅ University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช-2401365351335363
Figure 1. Ranking of Nordic Universities 2021-2022

This is a ranking of the top 20 Nordic universities of 2021.

Overview

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2021): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was determined on each list for every Nordic university ranked on each list. If a ranking used a range, the highest possible rank was chosen (e.g., if a university was ranked within a 201-250 bracket, 201 was chosen). Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on.

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown above (Figure 1). The leftmost column shows rank based on average, the “institution” column shows the institution ranked, the “Change from 2020” column shows the change in ranking placement from last year’s ranking (Ranking of Nordic Universities, 2020), the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university.

Only universities which were ranked on all four lists are counted. Universities which would have appeared had they been ranked by all the rankings are displayed in the ranking where they would have ranked if their average rank was the result of an average across all four rankings. Thus, for example, Karolinska Institute is shown above the #1 ranked University of Copenhagen, as it would have ranked #1 if it appeared on all four rankings (and maintained its average from the rankings it did appear on). Rather than receiving a ranking placement, universities appearing in these positions are marked “UR” (unrankable) in the rank column, and “NR” (not ranked) in rankings lists in which they were not ranked.

Observations

  • ARWU best predicts the summed average.
  • QS worst predicts the summed average.

In my opinion, global university rankings are not a measure of how “good” a university is. They are, centrally, a measure of university reputation among people in administrative positions in academics. How good a university is for you depends on what your goals are. It is almost entirely contextual. Thus, the rankings I do — which are based on average placements in world university rankings — ought to be seen not as a measure of how good a university is, but as a measure of the average opinion of an academic administrator you’ll get if you ask them to talk about a given university from a global perspective. In this spirit, I offer you a deflationary university ranking.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/10/26/ranking-of-nordic-universities-2021/

Ranking Paris Sciences et Lettres (PSL) University ala U.S. News (USNWR)

On my most recent rankings โ€” Ranking of Universities in the EU โ€” again appeared the mysterious case of U.S. News‘s lack of a ranking placement for France’s PSL University. PSL ranks very highly on the other three notable world rankings โ€” ARWU, QS, and THE: as I noted in the ranking of EU universities, PSL averages approximately 45th in the world among those three rankings. This average is higher than any other university on the EU ranking (and below only the QS-unranked Karolinska Institute). However, in this article I am going to give an estimate of where USNWR would rank PSL.

PSL University is brand new, technically. It was only formally established as a university in 2019. Its constituents, however, are older โ€” in some cases much, much older. It seems to be these constituents that cause trouble for USNWR, with regard to ranking. USNWR does not seem to realize that these various constituent colleges โ€” which have existed separately for many years โ€” are now, in fact, a single entity. This can be inferred from the fact that USNWR ranks some of these various constituent colleges of PSL. It is these ranking of the individual colleges from which I’ll now construct an averaged, would-be ranking for USNWR. Then, I’ll look at how that fits in with the average we get from the other three rankings. Finally, I’ll see how it squares away with the overall EU rankings.

1. Creating an average ranking of PSL constituents

So, how do the institutions USNWR ranks, rank?

All other PSL constituents are unranked by USNWR.

So what do we get? (252+402+499+1209+1209) / 5 = 714.2 = ~714

Thus, the best we can estimate from the available data is that USNWR would rank PSL around 714 in the world. My hunch is that USNWR would rank PSL โ€” considered as one institution โ€” significantly higher ala the other three rankings. For example, weaknesses in a certain faculty area at one constituent could be expected to be strengthened by another constituent. Along these lines, we should probably expect that these constituents combined would strengthen each other in greater proportion than they would weaken each other. This means that their average undervalues their would-be (and actually-is) collective strength. Further evidence for this is given by the fact that all the other rankings put PSL in or nearly-in the top 50 in the world. However, the above averaging is all we have to go on with regard to USNWR (since we cannot replicate their entire methodology), and despite being far-from-satisfactory, it’s better than what USNWR actually has to offer us in this regard (which is, again, no ranking).

2. Averaging the four rankings

What does PSL rank on the other rankings?

These together give us the average of 44.6666666667, or, ~45.

And how about with our estimate for USNWR? โ€” Well, then we get 212.05, or, ~ 212.

Thus, PSL University’s average across three rankings + USNWR’s average for its ranked constituents = ~212.

3. How PSL compares to the top 20 universities in the EU, given the above

Given PSL’s average of approximately 212, this puts it well outside the top 20 universities in the EU. Currently, the university placing 20th is VU Amsterdam, with an average ranking of 133.25. If the trend of EU-university-worldwide-average continued roughly as it does between 0 and 134 (the interval in which roughly 20 universities place), then we can probably assume PSL places somewhere in the top 50 EU universities โ€” even with an abysmal-by-comparison USNWR placement.

In conclusion, I think the average USNWR rank of PSL constituents is curious. The consistency with which other rankings place PSL at or around the top 50 makes the ~714 average highly suspect. Yes, we don’t have a full picture because not all constituents are ranked, but this is actually more concerning. That’s because the constituents not making the ranking suggests USNWR considers them as not-as-good-as those universities which did make the ranking. Thus, these unranked constituents would likely weigh down an overall PSL rank in a not insignificant way. That said, I also speculated that the constituents that are ranked could โ€” when taken together โ€” end up strengthening each disproportionate to their weaknesses. This would bump up the ranking above the average.

So in the end, I still wish USNWR would just rank PSL University outright so that we can get a better picture of how EU universities stack up.

Permalink: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/04/12/ranking-paris-sciences-et-lettres-psl-university-ala-u-s-news-usnwr/

Ranking of Universities in the EU, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1LMU Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5163324648
2Heidelberg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5764425454.25
3Technical University of Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5450417655.25
4University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 3376843456.75
5Sorbonne University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท 3983874363
6University of Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 10161664067
7Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช 9784454868.5
8Utrecht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 52121755475.5
9University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 74104988690.5
10Leiden University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 80128708691
11University of Groningen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 69128809292.25
12Ghent University ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช 661351038597.25
13Wageningen University & Research ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 1511156283102.75
14Uppsala University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 77124111101103.25
15Erasmus University Rotterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ801977268104.25
16Aarhus University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ69147106105106.75
17Lund University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 1519710399112.5
18Delft University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ1515778172114.5
19University of Freiburg ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 10117583168131.75
20Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ10123611680133.25

This is a ranking of the top 20 universities in the European Union ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. 

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every EU university ranked on each of the lists. Then, for each university, all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, as shown above. The leftmost column shows the final rank (which is relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the โ€œinstitutionโ€ column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (โ€œAverage World Rankโ€) averages the four ranking listsโ€™ rank placement for each university. 

There were 4 institutions which were ranked on three of the four lists which averaged higher (by those three lists) than at least one university which was ranked having been averaged by all four lists. In some cases, had these averages remained given all four lists, the list would look significantly different. Further details:

  • Karolinska Institute ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (43 average; unranked by QS) would have placed 1st.
  • Paris Sciences et Lettres University (PSL) ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (~45 average; unranked USNWR) would have placed 2nd (counting Karolinska). (UPDATE: see * below for further evaluation.)
  • Humboldt University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (93 average; unranked by ARWU โ€” find further discussion about why that is here) would have placed 14 (counting Karolinska and PSL).
  • Free University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (~120 average; unranked by ARWU โ€” find further discussion about why that is via the same link as for Humboldt) would not have placed in the top 20 counting the three institutions above, however, its average is higher than those universities currently placing 19th and 20th (Freiburg and VU Amsterdam, respectively).

Additionally, one institution โ€” Charitรฉ – Universitรคtsmedizin Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช โ€” was ranked such that it would have appeared in the top 20 (given the above additions: 10th), however, this was only based on its placement of 75 on a single ranking (THE).

Finally, some observations about the final ranking โ€”

  • Netherlands has the most intuitions in the top 20 in the EU, with 8.
  • Germany has the second most, with 4, and the Nordic countries together have 5.
  • Belgium and France are the only two countries with at least one university which makes the list outside of the aforementioned regions.
  • The top 12 universities in the EU all average within the top 100 in the world.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

* Since creating this list I’ve written an article looking at how USNWR ranks PSL constituents. Ultimately, based on the average of those constituents, PSL’s ranking would place outside the 20 appearing on this list. There are many caveats to this outcome, however. The full article can be found here.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/04/08/ranking-of-universities-in-the-eu-2020-21/

Ranking of Public Universities Worldwide, 2020-21

University of California, Berkeley.
RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1University of California, Berkeley ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ5307411.5
2ETH Zรผrich ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ206142616.5
3University of California, Los Angeles ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ1336151319.25
4University of Michigan ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ2221221720.5
5University of Toronto ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 2325181720.75
6Tsinghua University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ 2915202823
7University of Washington ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 167229831.25
8University of California, San Diego ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ1854332131.5
9University of Melbourne ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ 3541312533
10Peking University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ 4923235136.5
11University of British Columbia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 3845343137
12University of Tokyo ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต 2624367339.75
13University of Wisconsin – Madison ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 3265494146.75
14=LMU Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5163324648
14=University of Sydney ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ 7440512748
16University of Texas at Austin ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 4171443848.5
17=Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL) ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ8314435849.5
17=University of Queensland ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ5446623649.5
19McGill University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 7831405150
20=Heidelberg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 5764425454.25
20=University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 3095563654.25
22=Australian National University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ6731596455.25
22=Technical University of Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช5450417655.25
24University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 3376843456.75
25University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 4582486058.75
26University of New South Wales ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ 7444675159
27Kyoto University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต 34385412562.75
28=Monash University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ8555644863
28=Sorbonne University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท3983874363
30University of Zรผrich ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ5669736265
31University of Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 10161664067
32Georgia Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 10180386671.25
33=Chinese University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 10143569573.75
33=University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ15122398373.75
35Utrecht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 52121755475.5
36University of California, Santa Barbara ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 49152685681.25
37Seoul National University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท 101376012981.75
38Shanghai Jiao Tong University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ 634710012283
39University of California, Davis ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 91112646683.25
40Ohio State University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 101108804583.5
41Purdue University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 79109945383.75
42Zhejiang University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ 58539413585
43University of Minnesota ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 40177854787.25
44University of Maryland, College Park ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 53152906088.75
45University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ74104988690.5
46=Fudan University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ 100347016091
46=Leiden University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ80128708691
48University of Groningen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 69128809292.25
49University of Science and Technology of China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ73938712494.25
50Ghent University ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช 661351038597.25

This is a ranking of the top 50 public universities in the world ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. A “public university” is a university which is (1) publicly funded and (2) publicly owned. Thus, for example, no U.K. universities are eligible for this list.

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every public university in the world ranked on each of the lists. Then, for each university, all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, as shown above. The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the โ€œinstitutionโ€ column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (โ€œAverage World Rankโ€) averages the four ranking listsโ€™ rank placement for each university.ย 

Some observations โ€”

  • All of the top 50 public universities in the world rank on average within the top 100 universities โ€” public or private โ€” in the world.
  • There are 14 countries represented on the list.
  • The 1st most represented region is North America, with 19 universities.
  • The 2nd most represented region is Europe, with 14 universities.
  • The 3rd most represented region is Asia, with 11 universities.
  • The 4th most represented region is Oceania, with 6 universities.
  • The 1st most represented country overall is the U.S., with 16 universities.
  • The 2nd most represented countries overall are Australia and China, each with 6 universities.
  • The 3rd most represented country overall is the Netherlands, with 4 universities.
  • The next most represented countries are in order as follows: Canada and Switzerland (each with 3), Hong Kong and Japan (each with 2), and Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, and South Korea (each with 1).
  • The most represented countries within the top 10 are the U.S. (with 5) and China (with 2).
  • The list which best predicts the summed average is USNWR.
  • The list which worst predicts the summed average is QS.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Permalink to this article: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/03/15/ranking-of-public-universities-worldwide-2020-21/

This article’s header photograph depicting UC Berkeley is under the Creative Commons license.

Ranking of Universities in the State of Jefferson, 2020

The proposed flag for the proposed Southern Oregon – Northern California hybrid state Jefferson.

This is a ranking of universities in the U.S. proposed-state the State of Jefferson for the year 2020-2021. 

A brief explanation about what constitutes the “State of Jefferson”. The State of Jefferson is a proposed U.S. state that includes northern and central portions of the U.S. state of California and southern portions of the U.S. state of Oregon. If you really want to read about how its proposition came about, Wikipedia is willing to let you do so. I’ll just say the “movement” goes back to 1941, the proposed capital is Yreka, CAโ€ฆ and the state would include 5 universities, as far as I can tell. Drawing the state boundaries is tricky because Jefferson isn’t a state, and people have changed their minds over time about what exactly is or isn’t or should or shouldn’t be included. I took the broadest interpretation of the boundaries which โ€” [again,] so far as I can tell โ€” stretch up as far north as Douglas county in Oregon and down as far south as El Dorado in California (according to this map). Then, I looked for universities in these counties and came up with 5 legitimate universities. There were some other question marks. There are also, of course, many community colleges in Jefferson, but this is a university ranking, and thus, those were excluded. If I have missed a university in this region please let me know and I will update the list once I determine its placement (email: tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com).

The ranking was created primarily by referencing the ranking placements of every (identified) university in Jefferson ranked by USNWR ranking Regional Universities West. Additionally, due to the anomalous situation with Oregon Tech, two other rankings were used: USNWR’s Regional Colleges West, and THE’s ranking of universities in the U.S. The situation is as follows: Oregon Tech is classified as a college by USNWR, and thus ranked on their college ranking and not their university ranking. This makes its placement incomparable to those universities ranked by USNWR’s university ranking. So, to situate it with respect to the other universities, I referenced THE’s ranking of universities in the U.S. THE ranks Oregon Tech as tied with Humboldt State (both below Chico State). THE does not rank either SOU or Simpson. However, THE did rank SOU in 2019 โ€” and its ranking then (>800th) is lower than Oregon Tech’s now (501 – 600). This information โ€” combined with SOU’s absence from THE’s 2021 list โ€” has led me to make the judgement that the ranking for Oregon Tech should follow Humboldt State’s on THE. However, there is no ranking to break the tie between Humboldt State and Oregon Tech โ€” both place well on their respective USNWR rankings, and tie each other on THE. So, this explains their placement on my Jefferson ranking.

The overall results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final rank, the โ€œinstitutionโ€ column shows the institution ranked, and the next three rightward columns show the rank for each given institution in each selected ranking. Note that here ‘NA’ means “not applicable” and ‘NR’ means “not ranked”.

If you should find anything to be in error, please contact me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

RankInstitutionUSNWR (Regional Universities West)USNWR (Regional Colleges West)THE (U.S.)
1California State University, Chico26NA336
2=Humboldt State University37NA=501
2=Oregon Institute of TechnologyNA5=501
4Southern Oregon University75NANR
5Simpson University92NANR
Table 1.

Permalink: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/25/ranking-of-universities-in-the-state-of-jefferson-2020-21/

The header image in this article is โ€” to the best of my knowledge โ€” in the public domain.

List of Top 100 Universities by Highest Rank, 2020-21

This is a list of the highest ranking achieved for every university ranked in the top 100 in the world on any of the four prominent world university rankings (ARWU, QS, THE, and USNWR, i.e.). Thus, so long as a university appears on any one of the four rankings, then it appears on this list โ€” and it appears at whichever spot it ranked highest on any one or more of those lists. You can think of this list in the following way: for each given university, its position on this list represents the highest opinion someone holds of it.

Notes โ€”

  • In total, 154 universities representing 27 countries are ranked within the top 100 in the world between all four lists.
  • There are 16 top 10 universities, representing 3 countries which are (in order): the US (with 11 โ€” 3 of which are Californian; 2 of which are Massachusettsan), the UK (with 4 โ€” all of which are English), and Switzerland (with 1).
  • There are 30 top 20 universities, representing 7 countries which are (in order): the US (with 18 โ€” 6 of which are Californian), the UK (with 5 โ€” 4 of which are English; 1 of which is Scottish), Singapore and Switzerland (each with 2), and Canada, China, and France (each with 1).
  • There are 78 top 50 universities, representing 17 countries which are (in order): the US (with 34 – 7 of which are Californian), the UK (with 8 โ€” 7 of which are English; 1 of which is Scottish), Australia (with 6), China and Hong Kong (each with 4), Canada and Germany (each with 3), France, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, and Switzerland (each with 2), and Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, and Sweden (each with 1).
  • The United States is the 1st most represented country, with 51 universities represented (~33%).
  • The United Kingdom is the 2nd most represented country, with 18 universities (15 of which are English; 3 of which are Scottish) represented (~12%).
  • The Netherlands is the 3rd most represented country, with 9 universities represented (~6%).
  • The countries placing 4th – 8th in representation are (in order): Australia (with 8), Germany (with 7), China and Japan (each with 6), Canada, Hong Kong, and Sweden (each with 5).
  • There are 32 listed universities outside the western world (~21%).
  • Universities represent 5 continents.

And finally, some thoughts. It is interesting to note that 15 out of 18 ranked UK universities are highest ranked by QS โ€” a UK-based ranking. This means, if nothing stronger, that QS has the highest opinion of British universities of any of the four prominent rankings. True โ€” someone could object and say that whichever ranking truly has the highest opinion of British universities lists the greatest number of British universities, or has the highest average ranking of British universities, etc. But I think what captures the spirit of these lists is highest rank, and when you talk about highest rank, and look up a university to check its rank, the fact is, when its a UK university, QS will tell you that university is ranked more highly than any other ranking would tell you in ranks a large majority of the time. I might also endorse this stronger claim: QS has a bias for British universities. But this would require a more in-depth look at how it ranks universities in other countries, and also how other rankings rank British universities compared to other countries, etc., and I haven’t looked into it that deeply or in a sufficiently comparative way to fully endorse that claim. But nonetheless, this result is certainly suggestive, and looking for other indicators even superficially shows that a good number of the British universities ranked within the top 100 by QS don’t appear at all in other top 100s. This is definitely something that someone can and should look at further (and perhaps they have).

Along the same lines, 23 out of 27 East and Southeast Asian universities are highest ranked by QS (along with one additional such university ranked equally by THE). Thus, we can again conclude (as above) that QS has the highest opinion of universities in those regions. It’s still not strong enough for bias โ€” but as with the above observation, this is suggestive and someone might be inclined to take a look.

Meanwhile, out of 47 U.S. universities which are highest ranked by only one ranking (i.e., for which there is no shared opinion about its highest placement), only 5 are highest ranked by QS. Meanwhile, ARWU accounts for 18 such rankings, USNWR 15, and THE 9. Thus, we can safely conclude that QS has the lowest opinion of U.S. universities of the four rankings. THE โ€” at 9 โ€” is closer to QS than to USNWR, but just barely. It’s clear that the UK rankings (QS and THE) have a lower opinion of U.S. universities than the Chinese (ARWU) and U.S. (USNWR) rankings.

To sum up:

  • QS has the highest opinion of British and East and Southeast Asian universities, and the lowest opinion of U.S. universities.
  • USNWR has the highest opinion of Australian universities.
  • And the strongest conclusion: British rankings (QS, THE) have a lower opinion of U.S. universities than Chinese and U.S. rankings (ARWU, USNWR) do.

Below you can view the list. If you should find something here is in error, please contact me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

RankInstitution
1Harvard University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU, USNWR)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
University of Oxford ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (THE)
2Stanford University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU, QS, THE)
3University of Cambridge ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (ARWU)
4California Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
University of California, Berkeley ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
5
6Columbia University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
ETH Zรผrich ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ(QS)
Princeton University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
7
8Imperial College London ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
University of Washington ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
Yale University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
9University of Chicago ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
10Johns Hopkins University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University College London ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
11National University of Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ (QS)
12Cornell University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
13Nanyang Technological University, Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ (QS)
University of California, Los Angeles ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU, USNWR)
University of Pennsylvania ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
14Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ(QS)
University of Paris-Saclay ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
15Tsinghua University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
University of California, San Fransisco ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
16
17University of Michigan, Ann-Arbor ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Toronto ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (USNWR)
18University of California, San Diego ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
19
20Duke University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
University of Edinburgh ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ (QS)
21
22University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
23Peking University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS, THE)
Washington University in St. Louis ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
24Northwestern University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE, USNWR)
University of Tokyo ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
25University of Melbourne ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
26New York University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
27Hong Kong University of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
London School of Economics ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (THE)
University of Manchester ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
University of Sydney ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
28Carnegie Mellon University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
29
30University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
31Australian National University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (QS)
King’s College London ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
McGill University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (QS)
University of British Columbia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (USNWR)
32LMU Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
University of Wisconsin-Madison ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
33University of Copenhagen ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (ARWU)
34Fudan University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
Kyoto University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (ARWU)
35
36Karolinska Institute ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Paris Sciences et Lettres University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
University of Queensland ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
37Seoul National University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
38Georgia Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
University of Texas at Austin ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
39Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
Sorbonne University ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
40University of Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (USNWR)
University of Minnesota ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
41Technical University of Munich ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
42Heidelberg University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
King Abdulaziz University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (USNWR)
43Chinese University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
Rockefeller University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of Pittsburgh ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
44University of Colorado at Boulder ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of New South Wales ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (QS)
45Catholic University of Leuven (KU Leuven) ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Ohio State University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
46
47Shanghai Jiao Tong University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
48City University of Hong Kong ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
Monash University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
49University of California, Santa Barbara ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
50
51
52Utrecht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (ARWU)
53University of Maryland, College Park ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of Southern California ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
Zhejiang University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (QS)
54Boston University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
55
56Tokyo Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
University of Zรผrich ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ (ARWU)
57Delft University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (QS)
58University of Bristol ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
59University of Geneva ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ (ARWU)
University of Malaya ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ (QS)
60Brown University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
University of Oslo ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด (ARWU)
61ร‰cole Polytechnique ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
62Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Warwick ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
Vanderbilt University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
Wageningen University and Research ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (THE)
63
64University of California, Davis ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (THE)
65University of Paris ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
66Ghent University ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
National Taiwan University ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ (QS)
University of Buenos Aires ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
67University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
68Erasmus University Rotterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (USNWR)
69Aarhus University ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (ARWU)
Korea University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
McMaster University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (THE)
Stockholm University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
University of California, Irvine ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
University of Groningen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (ARWU)
70Leiden University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (THE)
71Emory University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
72Osaka University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
73University of Adelaide ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
University of Montreal ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ (THE)
University of Science and Technology of China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ (ARWU)
74Lomonosov Moscow State University ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ (QS)
University of Helsinki ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ (ARWU)
75Charitรฉ – Universitรคtsmedizin Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Hong Kong Polytechnic University ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ (QS)
Pennsylvania State University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
76
77Pohang University of Science and Technology ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
University of Glasgow ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ (QS)
Uppsala University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
78University of Tรผbingen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (THE)
79Purdue University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
Tohoku University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (QS)
University of Western Australia ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ (USNWR)
80Humboldt University of Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (USNWR)
81University of Auckland ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ (QS)
University of California, Santa Cruz ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
82
83Nagoya University ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต (ARWU)
University of Freiburg ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (THE)
84
85Yonsei University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
86Durham University ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
87University of Birmingham ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
University of Bonn ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช (ARWU)
88University of Basel ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ (ARWU)
University of Florida ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (ARWU)
Sungkyunkwan University ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท (QS)
89Rice University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (QS)
90University of Barcelona ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
University of Southampton ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
91University of Leeds ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
92
93University of Sheffield ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
Weizmann Institute of Science ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ (ARWU)
94
95
96University of St. Andrews ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ (QS)
97Lund University ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (QS)
University of Arizona ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
98KTH Royal Institute of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช (QS)
99Universitรฉ Grenoble Alpes ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท (ARWU)
University of Nottingham ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ (QS)
100Michigan State University ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ (USNWR)
Universidad Nacional Autรณnoma de Mรฉxico ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ (QS)
Table 1.

Permalink: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/24/list-of-top-100-universities-by-highest-rank-2020-21/

Ranking of Universities in Germany, 2020-21

Published by S. N. McGannon, Feb. 18, 2021

This is a ranking of the top 25 universities in Germany ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. 

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every university in Germany ranked on each of the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the โ€œinstitutionโ€ column shows the institution ranked, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (โ€œAverage World Rankโ€) averages the four ranking listsโ€™ rank placement for each university. 

A final note about the table below: because of a dispute regarding Nobel prize attribution, ARWU does not rank Humboldt University Berlin or Free University of Berlin. However, because both universities average so highly between the other three rankings, I previously made the choice to display these universities with their three-rank average among the ranked universities in the place they would occupy were the three-rank average their overall average (see some previous explanation here; and for reference see here). I again chose to undertake this procedure for this ranking. Their rank is simply listed as ‘(NR)’ ( = not ranked). Additionally, another university also unranked by ARWU (University of Mannheim) ends up in the top 25 under this procedure. While I don’t know why ARWU doesn’t rank this university, because it is the only other university which averages in the top 25 when its three-rank average is taken as its average, I have included this university in its would-be place as well.

Some observations โ€”

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is USNWR.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is QS.
  • QS is the only ranking which fails to place LMU Munich 1st.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1LMU Munich5163324648
2Heidelberg University5764425454.25
3Technical University of Munich5450417655.25
(NR)Humboldt University Berlin(NR)117808293
(NR)Free University of Berlin(NR)130118111~120
4University of Freiburg10117583168131.75
5University of Bonn87240114114138.75
6=University of Tuebingen15117578180146
6=University of Goettingen101195130158146
8RWTH Aachen University201145107184159.25
9Technical University of Dresden201173152186178
10University of Hamburg201228135155179.75
11Karlsruhe Institute of Technology201131201197182.5
12University of Cologne151282145232202.5
13Goethe University Frankfurt101311251222221.25
14Technical University of Berlin301148140338231.75
15University of Muenster151356195236234.5
16University of Erlangen-Nuremberg201317198238238.5
17University of Wuerzburg201437140186241
18University of Ulm301344140316275.25
19University of Mainz201403301214279.75
20University of Kiel201501251274306.75
21University of Jena401323251395342.5
22Ruhr University Bochum401439251372365.75
23Technical University of Darmstadt401267301543378
(NR)University of Mannheim(NR)307140706~384
24University of Duisburg-Essen301751201285384.5
25University of Stuttgart301333351564387.25
Table 1.

Permalink: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/18/ranking-of-universities-in-germany-2020-21/

The header image is under the Creative Commons license.

Ranking of Universities in the English-speaking World (excluding England and the U.S.), 2020-21

This is a ranking of the top 25 universities in the English-speaking world โ€” excluding England and the U.S. โ€” ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. For the purposes of this list, the “English-speaking world excluding England and the U.S.” includes those countries which have a native English-speaking population comprising at least 51% of the total population excluding England and the U.S. (51% is an mostly arbitrary percentage that I picked because it seemed to me to be an intuitively reasonable cutoff โ€” of course other valid definitions are entirely possible). For the the purposes of this ranking, the United Kingdom is considered as comprised of 4 distinct countries (of which England is excluded on the ranking). To be entirely clear, I’ll list all the countries considered here: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Guyana, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Scotland, Suriname, and Wales (percentage of native English speakers sourced here).

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every university in the English-speaking world excluding the England and U.S. ranked on each of the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the โ€œinstitutionโ€ column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (โ€œAverage World Rankโ€) averages the four ranking listsโ€™ rank placement for each university. 

Some observations โ€”

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is ARWU.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is QS.
  • The most represented country is Australia, with 11 universities appearing.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1University of Toronto ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ2325181720.75
2University of Edinburgh ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ4220303030.5
3University of Melbourne ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ3541312533
4University of British Columbia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ3845343137
5University of Sydney ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ7440512748
6University of Queensland ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ5446623649.5
7McGill University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ7831405150
8Australian National University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ6731596455.25
9University of New South Wales ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ7444675159
10Monash University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ8555644863
11University of Western Australia ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ85921397998.75
12University of Glasgow ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ151779286101.5
13McMaster University ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ9814469133111
14University of Adelaide ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ15110611873112
15University of Montreal ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ15111873140120.5
16University of Alberta ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ101119131138122.25
17University of Auckland ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ20181147125138.5
18Trinity College Dublin ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช151101155244162.75
19University of Technology Sydney ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ201133160162164
20Cardiff University ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ท๓ ฌ๓ ณ๓ ฟ151159191168167.25
21University of Waterloo ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ151166201210182
22University of Ottawa ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ151279145192191.75
23University of Calgary ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ151246200174192.75
24Curtin University ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ201217201174198.25
25University of Wollongong ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ201196201214203
Table 1.

Permalink: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/17/ranking-of-universities-in-the-english-speaking-world-excluding-england-and-the-u-s–2020-21/

Ranking of Universities in the Benelux Union, 2020-21

This is a ranking of the top 20 universities in the Benelux Union ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. 

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every Benelux Union university ranked on any each of the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the โ€œinstitutionโ€ column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (โ€œAverage World Rankโ€) averages the four ranking listsโ€™ rank placement for each university. 

Some observations โ€”

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is USNWR.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is THE.
  • No university in Luxembourg places in the top 20 Benelux Union universities.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at tuulifunctional@snmcgannon.com.

Ranking of Universities in the Benelux Union, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1University of Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ10161664067
2KU Leuven (Catholic University of Leuven) ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช9784454868.5
3Utrecht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ52121755475.5
4Leiden University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ80128708691
5University of Groningen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ69128809292.25
6Ghent University ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช661351038597.25
7Wageningen University & Research ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ1511156283102.75
8Erasmus University Rotterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ801977268104.25
9Delft University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ1515778172114.5
10Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ10123611680133.25
11Radboud University Nijmegen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ101214136103138.5
12Catholic University of Louvain ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช151189164148163
13Maastricht University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ201234121189186.25
14Universitรฉ libre de Bruxelles ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช101250201202188.5
15University of Antwerp ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช301238170212230.25
16Vrije Universiteit Brussel ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช301200251271255.75
17Eindhoven University of Technology ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ401120187349264.25
18University of Twente ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ401197201390297.25
19University of Liege ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช201451351370343.25
20Tilburg University ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ601368201490415
Table 1.

Permalink: https://snmcgannon.com/2021/02/15/ranking-of-universities-in-the-benelux-union-2020-21/

Header image is under Creative Commons. Link to license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/