This is a ranking of the top 20 universities in the Benelux Union ranked relative to each other by average world rank for the year 2020-2021. 

The ranking was created by using metadata sourced from the four prominent rankings of world universities (each ranking released in 2020): Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE), and U.S. News & World Report (USNWR).

Rank was checked on each list for every Benelux Union university ranked on any each of the lists. Then for each university all its rank placements were averaged across lists to create the new list of average ranking for each university. The universities were then ranked according to their average ranking. The university with the highest average is thus ranked 1st, the one with the second highest average 2nd, and so on. 

Finally, the results were tabled, and are shown below (Table 1.). The leftmost column shows the final relative placement (relative placement based on average rank, i.e.), the “institution” column shows the institution ranked along with the flag of the country in which it is located, the next four rightward columns (ARWU, QS, THE, USNWR) show the rank for each given institution in each of those selected world rankings, and the rightmost column (“Average World Rank”) averages the four ranking lists’ rank placement for each university. 

Some observations —

  • The original ranking which best predicts the summed average is USNWR.
  • The original ranking which most poorly predicts the summed average is THE.
  • No university in Luxembourg places in the top 20 Benelux Union universities.

If anything appears to be in error, please email me at

Ranking of Universities in the Benelux Union, 2020-21

RankInstitutionARWUQSTHEUSNWRAverage World Rank
1University of Amsterdam 🇳🇱10161664067
2KU Leuven (Catholic University of Leuven) 🇧🇪9784454868.5
3Utrecht University 🇳🇱52121755475.5
4Leiden University 🇳🇱80128708691
5University of Groningen 🇳🇱69128809292.25
6Ghent University 🇧🇪661351038597.25
7Wageningen University & Research 🇳🇱1511156283102.75
8Erasmus University Rotterdam 🇳🇱801977268104.25
9Delft University of Technology 🇳🇱1515778172114.5
10Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam 🇳🇱10123611680133.25
11Radboud University Nijmegen 🇳🇱101214136103138.5
12Catholic University of Louvain 🇧🇪151189164148163
13Maastricht University 🇳🇱201234121189186.25
14Université libre de Bruxelles 🇧🇪101250201202188.5
15University of Antwerp 🇧🇪301238170212230.25
16Vrije Universiteit Brussel 🇧🇪301200251271255.75
17Eindhoven University of Technology 🇳🇱401120187349264.25
18University of Twente 🇳🇱401197201390297.25
19University of Liege 🇧🇪201451351370343.25
20Tilburg University 🇳🇱601368201490415
Table 1.


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